Child Health Care Program
Despite its richness in biodiversity, natural resources and cultural multiplicity, Nepal has still remained a developing country where more than 24 percent of the people live under the poverty line. The impact of the poverty is manifest in all other sectors like health and hygiene, education, disaster and conflict preparedness, access to and distribution of resources, gender equity, as well as respect for humanitarian values. The transitional period of developmental change in the legal, political, financial and diplomatic scenario indicate that the country needs more efforts in the fields of social reformation, rehabilitation and development.
The vision of an inclusive society, where people of all races and ethnic groups, genders, castes, religions, political beliefs, and socioeconomic status live in peace and harmony, and enjoy equal rights without discrimination, as outlined in the Interim Constitution, is the guiding principal for all policies, plans and program of Ministry of Health and Population (MOHP). This has placed increasing pressure on the government to improve the delivery of health services, quantitatively and qualitatively, down to the grassroots levels.
The country is going through demographic and epidemiological transitions. Now country endorsed the new Nepal Health Sector Program Implementation Plan (NHSP-IP II) and comparatively high emphasizes on the essential services package. The health sector is heavily dependent on external resources. At the same time, people spend a significant amount of money on health care from their pocket. The private sector is growing without much regulation and supervision from the Ministry of Health.
The key areas identified where we need to promote health service in area of : equitable child health care financing; increased access of the underprivileged to services; integrated disease surveillance; prevention and control of communicable and chronic diseases; rationalization of human resource development and management; promotion of healthier physical environment; and health system capacity building for emergency preparedness and response. Emphasis is also placed on facilitating the process of decentralization of health services. Support for mobilizing additional resources for the health sector and external development partners will also be considered.